Breast cancer is one of many widely covered cancers in media around the world. In reality most of us have discovered about it through advertisements and awareness programs, run by international health organizations, NGOs, and governing bodies, on different communication platforms. But, does everyone know about breast cancer and its risk factors, let aside the available treatments and tests? The answer is “no.” These awareness programs have now been going on for decades on national and international levels now, but nonetheless you will find thousands of people all over the world who are clueless about the illness, doubtful over the correct measures, surrounded by myths. Many, including the people who know only a little about the illness, still shake their heads in disbelief when told that men also can develop breast cancer. That is perhaps why it is essential all of us are well- informed on the illness and its treatment, causes, risk factors and cure.
What is Breast Cancer?
Simply, cancer may be defined as a condition when cells in the body multiply abnormally and do not behave like normal cells. Each cell in our body has best hospital for breast cancer in Hyderabad a certain life, and when body cells do not complete their life-cycles and do not die in due course, they could multiply infinitesimally and causes the surrounding cells to reflect the same, ultimately causing the synthesis of an abnormal growth of mass, cancer (or tumor), which can affect just how surrounding organs function and cause life-threatening complications.
To understand about breast cancer, we should have an idea of the general anatomy of breasts. Breasts have milk-producing glands inside them; these glands are linked to the skin at nipples through narrow ducts. The tissues around the ducts and glands are typically composed of fat. The rest of the breasts consists of blood vessels, nerves, and lymphatic channels. Lymphatic channels are connect lymph nodes, which can be found all across the human body and, at an advance stage of cancer, serve as carriers of malignant cells and cause the cancer to spread to another parts of body.
When malignant (cancerous, tumor) cells are present in one of many breasts or both, the situation is named breast cancer. On the basis of the spread of the cancerous cells, a cancer specialist decides upon the stage of the cancer. Typically, breast cancer can have 5 stages, namely, Stage 0, Stage 1, Stage 2 (2A, 2B), Stage 3 (3A, 3 B, 3C), and Stage 4. Early stage or 0 stage of cancer is once the disease hasn’t invaded surrounding breast tissues yet and located inside the breast. At stage 1, cancer is significantly less than 2 centimeters in size and partially spread to lymph nodes in the underarms. Stage 2A is when tumor is significantly less than 2 cm, with 2mm penetration in lymph nodes in the underarm or when it’s more than 2cm in size (and significantly less than 5cm) without any penetration in lymph nodes. Stage 2B is when tumor in breast in more than 5cm or when it more than 2cm (and significantly less than 5cm), but with penetration in lymph nodes. Stage 3 and above are referred to as advanced stages of breast cancer and on all cases tumors are always more than 5cm and spread across other parts of body as well.
In its last stage, which is stage 4, cancer has spread through another organs of the human body, such as, bones, lungs, lever, and brain. Breast cancer spreads across another organs of the human body through lymph nodes, which may also be present in various organs in the body and are interconnected through the lymphatic system.
What Causes Breast Cancer?
So, what’s it that causes breast cancer? What’re the danger factors? The answer is you will find no definite reasons for breast cancer as such; the danger factors include advancing age and family history of the cancer. Obesity can be one of many risk factors along with regular alcohol use and late marriage. Anyone whose household members have now been diagnosed with breast cancer previously is 2-3 times more prone to develop it. The majority of women develop breast cancer after 50 or menopause.
What Reduces Risk?
Researchers have discovered that regular physical exercise and exercise can reduce the danger of breast cancer by half. Exercise also can help overcome the aftermaths of the illness and improves standard of living of men and women with breast cancer. Poor diet and alcohol consumption may also be common risk factors as they are directly linked to obesity. The best way to prevent it’s to have the breasts examined regularly by a specialist, especially after 30, and buy them checked each time a lump is present in one of many breasts.
Annual or biannual mammogram tests can detect cancer in breasts early, when it may be cured easily or removed even before it starts to grow inside the breasts. It’s, therefore, advised all women manage to get thier breasts examined by their doctors regularly, especially women in their thirties and older. Rarely, there’s possible cancer runs in the family in which case genetic testing is required to check whether a family member will develop the cancer or not in her lifetime. Having said that, it is essential to understand that not absolutely all lumps in breasts are tumors or cause harm, but it’s equally important to have them examined by a specialist. Generally lumps are not cancerous, but it’s difficult to inform what’s tumor and what’s not without professional supervision. When one is tested positive, some other tests follow to ascertain the chance of cancer. One may be asked to have a biopsy test, during which tissues from breasts are examined to inform the chance of cancer. There are many options for treatment available even if one is available positive. Specialists decide upon the most effective option based on their investigations and the spread of cancer in the body.
People mustn’t fear going to their doctor and getting themselves examined for driving a car of being tested positive for breast cancer. Tests and examinations do not guarantee the presence of cancer; on the contrary, these often cancel the chance of cancer. All of the times individuals are tested negative. So, you need to not fear tests, mammograms, or biopsy tests, get oneself checked and live freely.